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Title: Garlic derived diallyl trisulfide in experimental metabolic syndrome: Metabolic effects and cardioprotective role
Authors: Jeremic, Jovana
Jakovljevic V.
Zivkovic V.
Srejovic I.
Bradic, Jovana
Milosavljevic I.
Mitrovic O.
Jovicic, Nemanja
Bolevich, Sergey
Svistunov A.
Tyagi S.
Jeremić N.
Issue Date: 2020
Abstract: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This study aimed to examine the effects of diallyl trisulfide (DATS), the most potent polysulfide derived from garlic, on metabolic syndrome and myocardial function in rats with metabolic syndrome (MetS). For that purpose, we used 36 male Wistar albino rats divided into control rats, rats with MetS and MetS rats treated with 40 mg/kg of DATS every second day for 3 weeks. In the first part, we studied the impact of DATS on MetS control and found that DATS significantly raised H2 S, decreased homocysteine and glucose levels and enhanced lipid and antioxidative, while reducing prooxidative parameters. Additionally, this polysulfide improved cardiac function. In the second part, we investigated the impact of DATS on ex vivo induced ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) heart injury and found that DATS consumption significantly improved cardiodynamic parameters and prevented oxidative and histo-architectural variation in the heart. In addition, DATS significantly increased relative gene expression of eNOS, SOD-1 and-2, Bcl-2 and decreased relative gene expression of NF-κB, IL-17A, Bax, and caspases-3 and-9. Taken together, the data show that DATS can effectively mitigate MetS and have protective effects against ex vivo induced myocardial I/R injury in MetS rat.
Type: article
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21239100
ISSN: 1661-6596
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85096950877
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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