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Title: Interleukin-17 in Chronic Inflammatory Neurological Diseases
Authors: Milovanovic, Jelena
Arsenijevic A.
Stojanovic B.
Kanjevac, Tatjana
Arsenijevic D.
Radosavljevic, Gordana
Milovanovic, Marija
Arsenijevic, Nebojsa
Issue Date: 2020
Abstract: © Copyright © 2020 Milovanovic, Arsenijevic, Stojanovic, Kanjevac, Arsenijevic, Radosavljevic, Milovanovic and Arsenijevic. A critical role for IL-17, a cytokine produced by T helper 17 (Th17) cells, has been indicated in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. A positive effect of blockade of IL-17 secreted by autoreactive T cells has been shown in various inflammatory diseases. Several cytokines, whose production is affected by environmental factors, control Th17 differentiation and its maintenance in tissues during chronic inflammation. The roles of IL-17 in the pathogenesis of chronic neuroinflammatory conditions, multiple sclerosis (MS), experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), Alzheimer's disease, and ischemic brain injury are reviewed here. The role of environmental stimuli in Th17 differentiation is also summarized, highlighting the role of viral infection in the regulation of pathogenic T helper cells in EAE.
Type: review
DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2020.00947
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85086779547
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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