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Назив: Pneumothorax in a patient with pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2: A case report
Аутори: Novkovic, Ljiljana
Cekerevac, Ivan
Датум издавања: 2021
Сажетак: Introduction. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an acute infectious multisystem disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), man-ifested by acute respiratory symptoms. The novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) is the most common serious clinical mani-festation of SARS-CoV-2 infection. In the severe NCP, the sys-temic manifestations of the disease were also demonstrated, and one of the rare complications, first described in Wuhan (China), is pneumothorax. Case report. A 65-year-old female was admitted to the Clinic for Pulmonology with a high fever, shortness of breath, sore throat, and general weakness that started five days before. Laboratory findings revealed lympho-penia, elevated values of inflammatory markers, and liver le-sion. A chest X-ray (CXR) demonstrated diffusely accentuated interstitial pattern and reduced parenchymal transparency, left perihilar. Positive SARS-CoV-2 in a nasopharyngeal swab sam-ple was detected in the real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), confirming the diagnosis of NCP. Immediately, nasal oxygen therapy with a flow rate of 8 L/min, with chloroquine phosphate, antibiotics, and symp-tomatic treatment, was initiated. On the 8th day, her condition suddenly deteriorated, and she developed severe hypoxemia. A repeated CXR showed complete left-sided pneumotho-rax. Thoracic drainage was successfully performed with com-plete reexpansion of the lungs the very next day. The patient was released from the hospital in good general condition with normal arterial blood gases. Conclusion. Pneumothorax may develop as a complication in patients with pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV-2, without previous pulmonary comorbidities, due to alveolar damage. Acute deterioration with rapid oxygen desaturation in these patients should raise the suspicion of pneumothorax. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are nec-essary to reduce mortality.
URI: https://scidar.kg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/13692
Тип: article
DOI: 10.2298/VSP200604142N
ISSN: 0042-8450
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85104996567
Налази се у колекцијама:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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