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Title: Determinants of the most significant characteristics of reproductive health
Authors: Miljkovic, Snezana
Djokić, Dragoljub
Djukić Dejanović, Slavica
Grbić, Gordana
Mitrašinović, Dejan
Radosavljević-Svetozarević, Jelena
Prelević, Rade
Krivokapić, Žarko
Višnjić, Aleksandar
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: Introduction: Reproductive health of women is determined by females' demographic and socio-economic characteristics, their behaviour, and the complex of environmental factors. Objective: The paper examines the predictive impact of personal and environmental characteristics, health and healthcare characteristics regarding the most important aspects of reproductive health. Methods: From a sample of 2,718 women, aged 20-49 years, we collected information on various characteristics using a structured questionnaire. Based on factorial analysis (principal components method, Kaisser Varimax criterion) we selected representative variables (factors), describing personal (demographic and socio-economic) characteristics of women, their environment (family, household, community), health (attitudes towards health, life-style, health status), healthcare (independent) and the characteristics of reproductive health (dependent variables). The predictors were analyzed by multiple regression and correlation. Results: Sexual behaviour was determined by socio-economic status, personal tidiness, rest, presence of risk factor(s), health evaluation and attitude toward personal responsibility, trust in physicians etc. The predictors of contraception involved satisfaction with one's own health, serious health problems, health evaluation. The presence and number of abortions were determined by personal psychological maturity, rest, risk factors, life-style, health evaluation and its manifestations, and the continuity and timely healthcare. The predictors of adequate protection of reproductive health involved the cultural level of the community, financial standing of the household, satisfaction with one's own life, tidiness and rest, presence of risk factors, health evaluation, attitude towards personal responsibility, and trust in physicians. HIV control was determined by satisfaction with one's own life, physical activity of women, presence of serious health problems, and the content of primary healthcare. Postpartal protection was determined by the cultural level of the community, reasons for dissatisfaction with one's own life, presence of risk factors and deficiencies, and timely contraception. The predictors of reproductive period duration are availability of health care in a community and personal tidiness of women. Conclusion: The study confirmed predictive impact of most of the studied characteristics.
Type: article
DOI: 10.2298/SARH1012737M
ISSN: 0370-8179
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-79952954566
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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