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Title: The effects of the economic crisis on income convergence in the European Union
Authors: Stanišić, Nenad
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: This paper evaluates income convergence in the European Union, between old (EU15) and new member states from Central and East Europe (CEE10), and among the countries within these two groups. The GDP per capita convergence should be expected according to the exogenous economic growth model and neoclassical trade theory. The presence of σ-convergence and both absolute and conditional β-convergence is tested for on a sample of 25 European Union countries (EU25). Results confirm the existence of β-convergence of GDP per capita at purchasing power parity among EU25, but not among EU15 and CEE10 countries. σ-convergence has been confirmed among EU25 and CEE10 countries, while GDP per capita has been diverging in the EU15 group of countries. Moreover, the results reveal that recent economic crisis has reversed long-term tendencies and led to income convergence within EU15 and divergence within CEE10. During the crisis, the income differences among the EU25 countries have increased, but the scope and duration of this effect has been limited and has not affected the long term convergence path. However, the obtained long term speed of convergence is significantly lower compared with the previous researches.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1556/AOecon.62.2012.2.2
ISSN: 0001-6373
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84862134839
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Economics, Kragujevac

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