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|Title:||The role of arm volumes evaluation in the functional outcome and patient satisfaction following surgical repair of the brachial plexus traumatic injuries|
Dragojević Simić V.
Savic Radojevic A.
|Abstract:||© 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Objective: Brachial plexus injuries are among the most complex injuries of the peripheral nervous system and among the most devastating injuries overall. In complete lesions, functional priorities include the reinnervation of the musculocutaneous and axillary nerves for proximal functions restoration. Three major nerves–radial, median, and ulnar–and the corresponding muscles remain denervated, which results in subsequent muscle atrophy. This study was aimed at the evaluation of arm volumes in surgically treated patients with brachial plexus injuries, in correlation with the type of palsy, recovery and associated factors. Methods: The study included 36 patients with brachial plexus injuries who were surgically treated in our institution over a 15-year-long period. The evaluation of arm and arm segments volumes was carried out using water displacement testing, based on the Archimedes principle. Results: Statistically significant differences were noted between the operated arm and the healthy arm in all of the measured segments (hands, forearms and upper arms), as well as between the patients with complete and upper palsy, and in correlation with the shoulder abduction recovery. Conclusions: Previous studies were mainly focused on the functional outcome and quality of life; although related to both, arm volumes in patients with brachial plexus injuries were not analyzed before. Significant differences between the operated arm and the healthy arm volumes, as well as between the various types of palsy, found in the present study should trigger further prospective research in relation to neurophysiology, useful functional recovery and quality of life.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac|
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