Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scidar.kg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/10891
Title: Rn progeny diffusion, deposition and track distribution in diffusion chamber with permeable membrane
Authors: Marković, Vladimir
Markovic A.
Stevanović, Nenad
Nikezic, Dragoslav
Journal: Radiation Measurements
Issue Date: 1-May-2019
Abstract: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd Objective of this work is to define method by which sensitivities of CR-39 and LR-115 in diffusion chamber could be determined. Method is based on initial physical processes that occurs in diffusion chamber: diffusion, deposition and decay of radon (isotopes 222 Rn and 220 Rn) and their progeny. Cylindrical shape of chamber was considered due to availability of experimental data for validation of presented method. The shape was not limitation factor and can be extended to any geometry. Diffusion equations for radon in two mediums (membrane and chamber volume) and their progeny in volume were solved using Finite Difference Method – FEM, and solutions are their spatial distributions inside of diffusion chamber. Calculation of flux towards the chamber walls determine distribution pattern and deposited progeny fractions. It has been shown that volume and deposited distributions are not uniform. Visible tracks on CR-39 for defined etching conditions are determined by considering range of alpha particles in air and empirical critical angle function θ C =θ C (E). For LR-115 mean critical angle of 〈θ c 〉=50 0 and energy window from E min =1.7MeV to E max =4.2MeV was adopted from literature to determine number of visible tracks. The track density distributions on detector are found to be non-uniform and radially dependent. Thickness of permeable membrane has important influence on presence of thoron and its progeny tracks on detector. Sensitivities of CR-39 and LR-115 in diffusion chamber were determined using method presented in this work and compared with other theoretical models and experiment with good agreement. This shown applicability of the presented method. One of important conclusion is that detector sensitivity, given as one simple number, is not the best parameter for calibration due to the existence of radial variation of track density. For cylindrical chamber with 10cm length and 4cm radius, covered with membrane in form of one-layer filter paper 0.25mm thickness, and for equal concentrations of 222 Rn and 220 Rn in front of the chamber, contribution of 220 Rn and its progeny to total track density is about 3%.
URI: https://scidar.kg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/10891
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.radmeas.2019.04.009
ISSN: 13504487
SCOPUS: 85064201558
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Science, Kragujevac
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