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Title: Pharmacodynamics and common drug-drug interactions of the third-generation antiepileptic drugs
Authors: Stefanovic, Srdjan
Jankovic, Slobodan
Novakovic M.
Milosavljevic, Marko
Folic, Marko
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Introduction: Anticonvulsants that belong to the third generation are considered as ‘newer’ antiepileptic drugs, including: eslicarbazepine acetate, lacosamide, perampanel, brivaracetam, rufinamide and stiripentol. Areas covered: This article reviews pharmacodynamics (i.e. mechanisms of action) and clinically relevant drug-drug interactions of the third-generation antiepileptic drugs. Expert opinion: Newer antiepileptic drugs have mechanisms of action which are not shared with the first and the second generation anticonvulsants, like inhibition of neurotransmitters release, blocking receptors for excitatory amino acids and new ways of sodium channel inactivation. New mechanisms of action increase chances of controlling forms of epilepsy resistant to older anticonvulsants. Important advantage of the third-generation anticonvulsants could be their little propensity for interactions with both antiepileptic and other drugs observed until now, making prescribing much easier and safer. However, this may change with new studies specifically designed to discover drug-drug interactions. Although the third-generation antiepileptic drugs enlarged therapeutic palette against epilepsy, 20–30% of patients with epilepsy is still treatment-resistant and need new pharmacological approach. There is great need to explore all molecular targets that may directly or indirectly be involved in generation of seizures, so a number of candidate compounds for even newer anticonvulsants could be generated.
Type: review
DOI: 10.1080/17425255.2018.1421172
ISSN: 1742-5255
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85041177715
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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