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|Title:||Time dependence of <sup>222</sup>Rn, <sup>220</sup>Rn and their progenies’ distributions in a diffusion chamber|
|Authors:||Stevanović, Nenad |
|Abstract:||© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Diffusion chamber with SSNTD (Solid State Nuclear Track Detector) placed inside is a passive detector for measuring the activity of 222Rn and 220Rn (radon and thoron) and their progenies. Calibration from detected alpha particle tracks to progeny activity is often acquired from theoretical models. One common assumption related to these models found in literature is that concentrations of 222Rn and 220Rn at the entrance of a chamber are constant during the exposure. In this paper, concentrations of 222Rn and 220Rn at the entrance of the chamber are taken to be variable with time, which is actually the case in reality. Therefore, spatial distributions of 222Rn and 220Rn and their progenies inside the diffusion chamber should be time dependent. Variation of 222Rn and 220Rn concentrations on the entrance of the chamber was modeled on the basis of true measurements. Diffusion equations in cylindrical coordinates were solved using FDM (Finite Difference Method) to obtain spatial distributions as functions of time. It was shown that concentrations of 222Rn, 220Rn and their progenies were not homogeneously distributed in the chamber. Due to variable 222Rn and 220Rn concentrations at the entrance of the chamber, steady state (the case when concentration of 222Rn, 220Rn and their progenies inside the chamber remains unchanged with time) could not be reached. Deposition of progenies on the chamber walls was considered and it was shown that distributions of deposited progenies were not uniform over walls’ surface.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Science, Kragujevac|
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