Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://scidar.kg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/11399
Title: Regulation of early growth and antioxidant defense mechanism of sweet basil seedlings in response to nutrition
Authors: Jakovljević, Dragana
Stanković, Milan
Bojović B.
Topuzovic, Marina
Journal: Acta Physiologiae Plantarum
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2017
Abstract: © 2017, Franciszek Górski Institute of Plant Physiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków. Basil cultivars are among most used crops worldwide, but high level of morpho-physiological variations is mainly due to the cultivation characteristics. The present study aimed to investigate the physiological changes and the accumulation of secondary metabolites as a response to prolonged nutrient deprivation in shoots and roots of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L. var. minimum). Sweet basil seedlings were grown in media with quarter, half and full strength of micro and macronutrients under different levels of KNO3 alone or in combination with different levels of NH4NO3. Evaluated parameters included characteristics of germination, development of leaves, content of photosynthetic pigments and responses of different parameters related to oxidative stress. While the early growth is influenced mainly due to NH4NO3 presence, all the levels of nutrient supply were found to trigger and maintain the antioxidant defence system of sweet basil seedlings. With the variations among seedling parts, the ammonium nutrition was notably enhanced levels of activity of SOD, CAT, A-POX, G-POX and P-POX, but had no effect on total antioxidant activity and total phenolic content, including flavonoids, which is mainly accumulated in nutrient deprived roots. In addition, phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity was analysed and potential pathways of secondary metabolites synthesis were discussed. The enzymatic and non-enzymatic system in O. basilicum var. minimum seedlings was capable to reverse the stress conditions during growth under nutrient deprivation.
URI: https://scidar.kg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/11399
Type: article
DOI: 10.1007/s11738-017-2548-9
ISSN: 01375881
SCOPUS: 85030841204
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Science, Kragujevac

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