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Title: Within the triangle of healthcare legacies: comparing the performance of South-Eastern European health systems
Authors: Jakovljevic, Mihajlo
Arsenijevic, Jelena
Pavlova, Milena
Verhaeghe N.
Laaser, Ulrich
Groot W.
Journal: Journal of Medical Economics
Issue Date: 4-May-2017
Abstract: © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Objective: Inter-regional comparison of health-reform outcomes in south-eastern Europe (SEE). Methods: Macro-indicators were obtained from the WHO Health for All Database. Inter-regional comparison among post-Semashko, former Yugoslavia, and prior-1989-free-market SEE economies was conducted. Results: United Nations Development Program Human Development Index growth was strongest among prior-free-market SEE, followed by former Yugoslavia and post-Semashko. Policy cuts to hospital beds and nursing-staff capacities were highest in post-Semashko. Physician density increased the most in prior-free-market SEE. Length of hospital stay was reduced in most countries; frequency of outpatient visits and inpatient discharges doubled in prior-free-market SEE. Fertility rates fell for one third in Post-Semashko and prior-free-market SEE. Crude death rates slightly decreased in prior-free-market-SEE and post-Semashko, while growing in the former Yugoslavia region. Life expectancy increased by 4 years on average in all regions; prior-free-market SEE achieving the highest longevity. Childhood and maternal mortality rates decreased throughout SEE, while post-Semashko countries recorded the most progress. Conclusions: Significant differences in healthcare resources and outcomes were observed among three historical health-policy legacies in south-eastern Europe. These different routes towards common goals created a golden opportunity for these economies to learn from each other.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1080/13696998.2016.1277228
ISSN: 13696998
SCOPUS: 85009756454
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
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