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Title: Efficacy and safety of 1% ropivacaine for postoperative analgesia after lower third molar surgery: a prospective, randomized, double-blinded clinical study
Authors: Brkovic B.
Andric, Miroslav
Ćalasan D.
Milic, Marija
Stepic J.
Vucetic M.
Brajkovic, Denis
Todorović L.
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: © 2016, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate postoperative analgesic effect of ropivacaine administered as main or supplemental injection for the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in patients undergoing lower third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: The double-blind randomized study comprised 72 healthy patients. All patients received two blocks, the IANB for surgical procedure + IANB after surgery for postoperative pain control, and were divided into three groups: (1) 2 % lidocaine/epinephrine + 1 % ropivacaine, (2) 2 % lidocaine/epinephrine + saline, and (3) 1 % ropivacaine + saline. The occurrence of postoperative pain, pain intensity and analgesic requirements were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed using chi-square, Fisher, and Kruskal-Wallis tests and analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Bonferroni and Tukey correction. Results: Ropivacaine was more successful than lidocaine/epinephrine in obtaining duration of postoperative analgesia, reduction of pain, and analgesic requirements whether ropivacaine was used for surgical block or administered as a supplemental injection after surgery. Conclusions: Ropivacaine (1 %, 2 ml) resulted in effective postoperative analgesia after lower third molar surgery. Clinical Relevance: Since pain control related to third molar surgery requires the effective surgical anesthesia and postoperative analgesia, the use of 1 % ropivacaine could be clinically relevant in a selection of appropriate pain control regimen for both surgical procedure and early postsurgical treatment.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1007/s00784-016-1831-2
ISSN: 1432-6981
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84964440123
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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