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Title: Noninvasive assessment of myocardial bridging by coronary flow velocity reserve with transthoracic Doppler echocardiography: vasodilator vs. inotropic stimulation
Authors: Aleksandrić B.
Djordjević-Dikić A.
Beleslin B.
Parapid B.
Teofilovski-Parapid G.
Stepanović, Jelena
Simic D.
Nedeljković I.
Petrovic M.
Dobric M.
Tomasevic, Miloje
Banovic M.
Nedeljkovic M.
Ostojic M.
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd Background To consider hemodynamic assessment of myocardial bridging (MB) adequate, it is believed that inotropic stimulation with dobutamine should be estimated because its dynamic nature depends on the degree of extravascular coronary compression. This study evaluated comparative assessment of hemodynamic relevance of MB using coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) measurements by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) with vasodilatative and inotropic challenges. Methods This prospective study included forty-four patients with angiographic evidence of isolated MB of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and systolic compression of ≥ 50% diameter stenosis. All patients were evaluated by exercise stress-echocardiography (ExSE) test for signs of myocardial ischemia, and CFVR of the distal segment of LAD during iv.infusion of adenosine (ADO:140 μg/kg/min) and iv.infusion of dobutamine (DOB:10-40 μg/kg/min), separately. Results Exercise-SE was positive for myocardial ischemia in 8/44 (18%) of patients. CFVR during ADO was significantly higher than CFVR during peak DOB (2.85 ± 0.68 vs. 2.44 ± 0.48, p = 0.002). CFVR during peak DOB was significantly lower in SE-positive group in comparison to SE-negative group (2.01 ± 0.16 vs. 2.54 ± 0.47, p < 0.001), but not for ADO (2.47 ± 0.51 vs. 2.89 ± 0.70, p = 0.168), respectively. Multivariable logistic analysis showed that CFVR peak DOB was the most significant predictor of functional significant MB (OR 0.011, 95%CI: 0.001–0.507, p = 0.021). Receiver-operating characteristic curves have shown that TTDE-CFVR obtained by high-dose of dobutamine infusion is better than those by adenosine regarding to functional status of MB (AUC 0.861, p = 0.004; AUC 0.674, p = 0.179, respectively). Conclusions Non-invasive CFVR measurement by TTDE during inotropic stimulation, in comparison to vasodilation, provides more reliable functional evaluation of MB.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.09.101
ISSN: 0167-5273
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84989360935
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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