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Title: Meta-analysis of the changes in correlations between depression instruments used in longitudinal studies
Authors: Bukumirič Z.
Starčevič V.
Stanisavljević D.
Marinkovic J.
Milic N.
Djukić Dejanović, Slavica
Janjic, Vladimir
Corac A.
Ilic A.
Kostic M.
Nikolic I.
Trajkovič G.
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Background Correlations between instruments measuring the same construct reflect their concurrent validity. Little is known about changes in correlations between such instruments employed in studies with repeated assessment. The aim of this meta-analysis was to examine the changes in correlations between depression instruments in the course of longitudinal studies. Methods A literature search was conducted using MEDLINE and PsycINFO for the period from 1960 to 2013. The total number of collected articles was 3723, of which 61 were included. Three meta-analyses were performed for the changes in correlations between each pair of the three depression scales: Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD), Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). The effect size in these meta-analyses was obtained by the z-transformation of correlation coefficients. Results Correlations between depression scales increased over time in 52 studies. Significant changes in correlation coefficients were found for correlations between HAMD and BDI (p<0.001) and for correlations between HAMD and MADRS (p<0.001). An increase in correlations between the scales was associated with a decrease in depression scores and increase in their variability. Limitations Univariable and multivariable meta-regression models were not obtained in all three meta-analyses because of the lack of data. Conclusions A finding that correlations between depression instruments tended to increase over time has significant implications for assessment of the concurrent validity of these instruments. In longitudinal designs it is important to estimate correlations between depression scales over time because different thresholds for scale correlations indicate acceptable concurrent validity at different times.
Type: review
DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.10.054
ISSN: 0165-0327
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84947765219
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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