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Title: Trans fatty acid content in Serbian margarines: Urgent need for legislative changes and consumer information
Authors: Vucic, Vesna
Arsic, Aleksandra
Petrović, Snježana
Milanović, Sandra
Gurinović, Mirjana
Glibetic M.
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This study examined the fatty acid (FA) composition of 13 (7 soft and 6 hard) Serbian margarines. Significantly higher amounts of trans fatty acids (TFA) were found in hard margarines (up to 28.84% of total FA), than in soft ones (0.17-6.89%). Saturated FA (SFA) were present with 22.76-51.17%. Oleic acid ranged from 26.78% to 43.78%. The proportion of polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) was 22.15-49.29% in soft margarines, but only 8.02-15.28% in hard margarines, probably due to the hydrogenisation process. The atherogenic and thrombogenic indexes (AI and TI, respectively) in soft margarines were relatively low (AI 0.23-0.63 and TI 0.44-0.97), but in hard margarines AI and particularly TI were high (1.03-1.67 and 1.96-3.04, respectively). These findings suggest that FA composition of Serbian margarines should be improved by replacing atherogenic TFA and SFA with beneficial ones, in order to avoid adverse effects on health. Therefore legislative changes and consumer information are urgently needed.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.04.018
ISSN: 0308-8146
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84927779912
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Education, Jagodina

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