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Title: Population pharmacokinetics of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in healthy young adults
Authors: Milovanovic, Olivera
Milovanovic, Jasmina
djukic, aleksandar
Matovic, Milovan
Tomic Lucic, Aleksandra
Glumbić N.
Barjaktarevic, Ana
Jankovic, Slobodan
Issue Date: 2015
Abstract: © 2015 Dustri-Verlag Dr. K. Feistle. Objectives: The aim of our study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model for 25-hydroxyvitamin D clearance in a healthy young adult population in Serbia. Methods: Study sample consisted of 70 healthy young students of the Faculty of Medical Science, University of Kragujevac, Serbia, with a mean age and body mass index of 22.39 ± 1.82 years and 21.31 ± 2.69 kgm-2, respectively. Non-linear mixed-effect modeling (NONMEM) software was used for data analysis. A validation set of 16 participants was used to estimate the predictive performance of the pharmacokinetic model. Results: In the base model (without covariates), we had parameter estimates of 0.01 L/h for apparent clearance, 0.25 L for apparent volume of distribution, while value of minimum objective function (MOF) was 383.468. The full regression model was established by estimating the effects of 12 covariates. Mean intake of vitamin D from foods (DD) and value of phosphate in serum (PHO) were covariates included in the final model, while others were excluded in this process. The estimated value in the final MOF model was 274.555. The final regression model formula was: clearance (CL) (L/h) = 0.0711 + 0.738 × DD + 0.618 × PHO. Conclusions: The PPK model obtained determined clearance of 25-hydroxyvitamin D in a healthy young adult population in Serbia. Mean intake of vitamin D from foods and serum phosphate level are the most important covariates that influence value of 25-hydroxyvitamin D clearance in healthy young adults.
Type: article
DOI: 10.5414/CP202185
ISSN: 0946-1965
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84964310789
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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