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Title: Biphasic response of cardiodynamic adaptations to swimming exercise in rats
Authors: Stojanovic Tosic J.
Jakovljevic V.
Zivkovic V.
Srejovic I.
Valdevit Z.
Radovanovic, Dragan
Djuric, Dragan M.
Ahmetovic Z.
Perić D.
Cankovic, Marija
Jovanovic M.
Djordjevic D.
Journal: General Physiology and Biophysics
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Abstract: The aim of research was to assess exercise-induced changes in mechanics of hearts isolated from rats, as well as time-course of those changes. Wistar rats (n = 42) were divided into control, moderately trained (swimming 1 hour, 5 days a week for 9 or 12 weeks) and strenuously trained (swimming 2, 3 and 4 times a day for an hour in weeks 10, 11 and 12, respectively) groups. After sacrificing, hearts (weight: 1480.82±145.38 mg) were isolated and perfused on a Langendorff apparatus. Coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) was gradually increased (from 40 to 120 cmH2O) in order to establish coronary autoregulation. Parameters of cardiac contractility were recorded: maximum and minimum rate of change of pressure in the left ventricle (dp/dt max and dp/dt min), systolic and diastolic left ventricular pressure (SLVP and DLVP), heart rate (HR) and coronary flow (CF). Nine weeks of moderate exercise induced slight depression of coronary function (decrease of dp/dt max, dp/dt min, SLVP and DLVP), while 3 additional weeks of moderate training improved hearts function, but not to the extent that the strenuous training program did. The results of our study add evidence about beneficial effects of regular moderate exercise on heart, and furthermore, show that exercising frequently, if the intensity stays within moderate range, may not have detrimental effects on cardiodynamics.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.4149//gpb_2015001
ISSN: 02315882
SCOPUS: 84974856596
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
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