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|Title:||Assessment of oxidative status in patients with acute kidney injury: A pilot study|
|Abstract:||© 2015 by The Chinese Physiological Society and Airiti Press Inc. Extensive experimental evidence confirms the role of oxidative stress as a major contributor to the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, less information is available on the evolution of prooxidant-antioxidant parameters from early to end-phase renal function decline in humans. This study aimed to determine the oxidative status in dynamic throughout the evolutionary phases of the disease. The study included patients with cardiovascular pathology and AKI hospitalized in the intensive care unit (n = 69) and age-matched healthy controls (n = 30). They were followed through three phases of AKI; first phase was the phase of diagnosis, which is characterized by oliguria/anuria, second phase was established diuresis, and third phase was the polyuric phase. In these phases of the disease, blood samples were taken from the patients for biochemical analysis. From the collected whole blood, we measured spectrophotometrically prooxidants: index of lipid peroxidation, measured as Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), nitrite (NO 2– ), superoxide anion radical (O 2– ) and hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ), and antioxidants: activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and reduced glutathione (GSH) from erythrocyte lysate. Comparing the results of the three measurements, a significant difference was found in the levels of NO 2– and GSH, both of which increased in the second phase (P < 0.05) and then decreased in the third phase, and a significant increase in TBARS, which was elevated in the second phase (P < 0.05) and did not change significantly until the third phase. Our results showed phase-dependent modification in 3 parameters of the oxidative status (TBARS, NO 2– and GSH). Whether these changes contribute to the deterioration of renal function in AKI remains to be established.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac|
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