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|Title:||Comparison of EMA and FDA guidelines for drug interactions: An overview|
|Abstract:||© 2014 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc. In 2013, the regulatory authorities of the European Union and the US issued, almost simultaneously, new editions of the industry guidelines for the requirements of drug testing during their development for drug-drug and drug-food interactions. That being said, there are significant differences in the requirements set by both guidelines, and the aim of this article is to point out those differences. In this review, the author carefully and comprehensively compared the publicly available guidelines via the official Food and Drug Administation's (FDA) and European Medicine Agency's (EMA) websites, highlighting the differences between the two sets. Unlike the guidelines provided by the FDA, the EMA guidelines lack set requirements for testing interactions with therapeutic proteins as well as with the usage of pharmacodynamics end-points. It also does not set standards for the use of the 'no interaction' declaration in the summary of product characteristics. On the other hand, the FDA currently lacks guidance for testing drug-food interactions, the use of the Relative Induction Score correlation method, and proving existence of reversible inhibition and mechanism-based inactivation. It is important to note that, while there are differences in the requirements for the FDA's and the EMA's drug interaction guidelines, they are not substantial and are mostly relating to the scope of requirements and precision of the standards set.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac|
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