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Title: Risk factors for severe dental anxiety among medical students
Authors: Jankovic, Slobodan
Aleksic, Dragana
Bahtijari, Zulfer
Jelić, Anica
Klačar, Jelena
Kovacevic, Aleksandra
Mijailovic, Natasa
Milovanovic, Olivera
Petrovic, Aleksandra
Barjaktarevic, Ana
Sovrlic, Miroslav
Ruzic Zecevic, Dejana
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Background/Aim. Severe dental anxiety (SDA) is the most severe form of dental anxiety, thus the aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with SDA in students of health-related disciplines. Methods. In this case-control study the cases were students with severe dental anxiety. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Serbia. The participants were undergraduate students attending lectures during spring semester 2010/2011 (n = 1,812). A random sample of 800 students was assessed for the association between various risk factors and the severe dental anxiety. The main outcome measures were the data on demographics, dental anxiety, habits concerning oral hygiene, nutrition, general anxiety and (co)morbidity which were collected from the study participants by semi-structured question questionnaire. Results. Less frequent visits to the dentist (OR adjusted = 7.02 [2.65; 18.60]) and visiting the dentist only when there is a dental problem (OR adjusted = 8.08 [1.28; 50.93]) were associated with severe dental anxiety. The same was true for improper oral hygiene (OR adjusted = 4.25 [1.16; 15.60]). Factors as changing toothbrush more frequently (OR adjusted = 0.33 [0.14; 0.76]) and having chronic disease (OR adjusted = 0.01 [0.00; 0.09]) were inversely associated with severe dental anxiety. The level of education of students was not associated with severe dental anxiety. Conclusion. Inappropriate oral hygiene, less frequent changes of a toothbrush and less frequent visits to the dentist are important risk factors for severe dental anxiety.
Type: article
DOI: 10.2298/VSP1401016J
ISSN: 0042-8450
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84893380608
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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