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Title: Population pharmacokinetic analysis of bisoprolol in type 2 diabetic patients with hypertension
Authors: Momčilović S.
Mitrovic-Jovanovic A.
Radojković D.
Nikolic V.
Jankovic O.
Pesic, Milica
Milovanovic, Jasmina
Journal: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2020
Abstract: © 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. Purpose: Given that it has been reported that type 2 diabetes mellitus may affect the pharmacokinetics of a large number of drugs and that there are still no published population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) analyses in routinely treated patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus as comorbid condition, the aim of this study was to determine PK variability of bisoprolol in 70 Serbian patients using the PopPK approach. Methods: PopPK analysis was conducted using a nonlinear mixed effects model (NONMEM), version 7.3.0 (Icon Development Solutions). In our patients, a total daily dose of bisoprolol ranged from 1.25 to 10 mg. The drug was administrated orally as a single daily dose or in two divided doses per day. Results: A wide range of the drug concentrations were noted (1–103 ng/mL) in the population consisted of the adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. From a total of 21 separately assessed covariates, our results indicated that only creatinine clearance could have a potential impact on the variability of the clearance of bisoprolol. Conclusion: Routine assessment of renal function should be carried out before the initiation of treatment with bisoprolol in order to individualize the dose and to prevent possible accumulation and adverse drug reactions.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1007/s00228-020-02937-6
ISSN: 00316970
SCOPUS: 85087087265
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
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