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Title: In vitro cytotoxic activities, DNA- and BSA-binding studies of dinuclear palladium(II) complexes with different pyridine-based bridging ligands
Authors: Franich A.
Zivkovic, Marija
Milovanovic, Jelena
Arsenijevic D.
Arsenijevic A.
Milovanovic, Marija
Djuran, Miloš
Rajković, Snežana
Issue Date: 2020
Abstract: © 2020 Elsevier Inc. Three new dinuclear palladium(II) complexes with general formula [{Pd(en)Cl}2(μ-L)]2+ (L is pyridine-based bridging ligand 4,4′-bipyridine (4,4′-bipy, 1), 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane (bpa, 2), 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (bpe, 3) and en is bidentate coordinated ethylenediamine) were synthesized and characterized by elemental microanalyses, NMR (1H and 13C), IR and UV–Vis spectroscopy. In vitro cytotoxic activity of these complexes against human A549 and murine LLC1 lung cancer cells, as well as two human HCT116 and SW480 and one murine CT26 colon cancer cells was investigated using MTT assay (MTT is 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide). The potential of complexes 1–3 to induce apoptosis was tested by flow cytometric analysis of Annexin V and propidium iodide stained treated cells, while their antiproliferative activity was analyzed by detection of Ki67 expression in treated cancer cells. The DNA binding affinity of complexes 1–3 was evaluated by UV–Vis, fluorescence emission spectroscopy and by viscosity measurements in aqueous phosphate buffer solution at pH 7.40. Furthermore, interaction of these complexes with bovine serum albumin was investigated by fluorescence spectrometry. The present study showed that the nature of pyridine-based bridging ligand (L) in dinuclear [{Pd(en)Cl}2(μ-L)]2+ complex has an influence on the complex preference for the cytotoxic activity and CT-DNA/BSA (CT-DNA is calf thymus DNA and BSA is bovine serum albumin) binding affinity.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2020.111158
ISSN: 0162-0134
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85087120454
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
Faculty of Science, Kragujevac

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