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Title: The maternal leucocytes in thrombophilia and hypothyroidism and their influence on fetal cells
Authors: Novaković, Tanja
Dolicanin, Zana
Babic, Goran
Djordjevic, Natasa
Issue Date: 2020
Abstract: © 2020, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Science. All rights reserved. The literature data show that thrombophilia and maternal dysfunction of thyroid gland during pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of miscarriage, placental abruption, hy-pertensive disorders and fetal growth retardation. It was shown that thyroid hormones and hypercoagulable states influence onto a leucocyte activity. The aim of this study has been to investigate maternal leucocytes changes and their correlation with frequency of fetal cells micronuclei in pregnant women with thrombophilia and hypothyroidism. The samples of blood and amniotic fluid were collected from healthy pregnant women and pregnant women with inherited thrombophilia and hypothy-roidism (16-18 weeks of gestation). Hematological characteristics were determined by using standard hematological methods. The frequency of micronuclei was determined in fetal cells after amniocentesis by using standard cytogenetic methods. The results of this study showed significant higher levels of β-hCG, number of monocytes and eosinophils in blood of pregnant women with thrombophilia. A large number of eosinophils was documented in blood of pregnant women with hypothyroidism. Increased percentage distribution of eosinophils and basophils is shown in both investigated groups of pregnant women. The increased fetal cells micronuclei frequency and their correlation with percentage distribution of eosinophils and basophils were indicated in pregnant women with hypothyroidism. The obtained results suggest that an increased percentage of eosino-phils and basophils in pregnant women with hypothyroidism contribute to a formation of micronuclei in fetal cells.
Type: article
DOI: 10.2478/sjecr-2018-0022
ISSN: 1820-8665
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85098864456
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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