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Title: Clinical - pathological significance of leptin receptor (LEPR) expression in squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
Authors: Vuletic, Milena
Jancic, Snezana
Milenković V.
Paunovic, Marinko
Miličić B.
Jancic N.
Perunicic B.
Slović, Živana
Issue Date: 2020
Abstract: © 2020 The Authors Adipokine leptin functions through its transmembrane receptors (LEPR). In many malignant tumors it stimulates the growth, migration and invasion of malignant cells. The aim of our work is to examine the effect of LEPR expression on the clinical-morphological properties of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin (cSCC). The biopsy material obtained by excision of squamous cell skin cancer was used. The test group consisted of excision biopsies of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin (n = 62), and the control group (n = 62) consisted of excision biopsies of non-tumor tissue of the skin (from the tumor environment) from an operative preparation delivered to the Pathohistology Department. After routine processing and paraffin molding, histochemical Hematoxylin-Eosin and immunohistochemical ABC method with anti LEPR and Ki67 antibodies were applied at 4 μm sections. The statistical software package SPSS for Windows (26.0) was used to analyze obtained results. Intracytoplasmic and intramembranous LEPR expression was found in 100 % of examined cSCCs. LEPR expression was statistically significantly associated with proliferation index and histologic grade of tumors. Pronounced LEPR expression was associated with a high proliferation index in 66.7 % of cases and with poorly differentiated cSCC in 94.4 %. Multivariate regression analysis showed that cSCCs with pronounced LEPR expression were seven times more often poorly differentiated than tumors with moderate or LEPR expression in trace. Our results indicate that LEPR expression is a predictor of the malignant potential of cSCC, so that based on LEPR expression, it is possible to identify an aggressive cSCC phenotype, which provides the possibility of individualizing anti-tumor treatment using LEPR antagonists.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1016/j.prp.2020.153111
ISSN: 0344-0338
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85088656063
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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