Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Interleukin-4-induced natural killer cell antitumor activity in metastatic melanoma patients|
Mirjacic Martinović K.
|Abstract:||© 2020, JLE/Springer. NK cells are important effectors of innate immunity that mount the first line of defense toward tumor growth. Interleukin-4 (IL-4) has recently been shown to regulate NK cell function, although its role in the regulation of NK cell function in cancer patients has not been clarified. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of IL-4 on the function and the receptor characteristics of CD16-defined NK cells and their cytotoxic CD16bright and regulatory CD16dim subsets. Peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from 36 metastatic melanoma (MM) patients treated for 18 h with 10 ng/mL IL-4 were evaluated for NK cell cytotoxicity using the radioactive 51chromium release assay. Expression of the activating receptors NKG2D and CD161, as well as the inhibitory receptors CD158a and CD158b, was analyzed on CD3-CD16+ NK cells and their subsets by flow cytometry. IL-4 induced significant in vitro enhancement of NK cell activity, as well as increased expression of the CD107a degranulation marker, by CD3-CD16dim NK cells. NKG2D expression was also increased on CD3-CD16+ cells by IL-4 with no alteration of the expression of CD161 and inhibitory KIR receptors. Although in vitro treatment with IL-4 increased both the expression of NKG2D and the cytotoxicity of NK cells, it had no detectable effect on the transcription of the TGF-β gene in NK cells of MM patients. The IL-4-induced NK cell cytotoxicity and increased activating NKG2D receptor expression may indicate an important antitumor effect of IL-4 with a potential application for immunotherapy of MM patients.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac|
Files in This Item:
|29.86 kB||Adobe PDF|
Items in SCIDAR are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.