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Title: New minor groove covering DNA binding mode of dinuclear Pt(II) complexes with various pyridine-linked bridging ligands and dual anticancer-antiangiogenic activities
Authors: Franich A.
Zivkovic, Marija
Ilic-Tomic T.
Djordjevic, Ivana
Nikodinovic-Runic, Jasmina
Pavic A.
Janjić, Goran
Rajković, Snežana
Issue Date: 2020
Abstract: © 2020, Society for Biological Inorganic Chemistry (SBIC). New anticancer platinum(II) compounds simultaneously targeting tumor cells and tumor-derived neoangiogenesis, with new DNA interacting mode and large therapeutic window are appealing alternative to improve efficacy of clinical platinum chemotherapeutics. Herein, we describe three novel dinuclear [{Pt(en)Cl}2(μ-L)]2+ complexes with different pyridine-like bridging ligands (L), 4,4′-bipyridine (Pt1), 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane (Pt2) and 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethene (Pt3), which highly, positively charged aqua derivatives, [{Pt(en)(H2O)}2(μ-L)]4+, interact with the phosphate backbone forming DNA-Pt adducts with an unique and previously undescribed binding mode, called a minor groove covering. The results of this study suggested that the new binding mode of the aqua-Pt(II) complexes with DNA could be attributed to the higher anticancer activities of their chloride analogues. All three compounds, particularly complex [{Pt(en)Cl}2(μ-4,4′-bipy)]Cl2·2H2O (4,4′-bipy is 4,4′-bipyridine) (Pt1), overcame cisplatin resistance in vivo in the zebrafish–mouse melanoma xenograft model, showed much higher therapeutic potential than antiangiogenic drug sunitinib malate, while effectively blocking tumor neovascularization and melanoma cell metastasis. Overall therapeutic profile showed new dinuclear Pt(II) complexes could be novel, effective and safe anticancer agents. Finally, the correlation with the structural characteristics of these complexes can serve as a useful tool for developing new and more effective anticancer drugs.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1007/s00775-020-01770-7
ISSN: 0949-8257
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85081894121
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
Faculty of Science, Kragujevac

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