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|Title:||Predictors of antibiotic utilization among intensive care unit patients|
|Abstract:||© 2020, © 2020 Edizioni Scientifi che per l'Informazione su Farmaci e Terapia. Increased antibiotic utilization in hospital is linked to higher total treatment costs, together with increased length of stay, surgery and emergency admission. The aim of our retrospective cohort study was to investigate predictors of antibiotic utilization per single patient from an intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary care, university hospital in Serbia. Average utilization of antibiotics per patient was 23.9 ± 20.4 defined daily doses (DDDs). Diagnosis of systemic infection increased antibiotics utilization per patient for 10.0 DDDs, positive blood culture for 5.4 DDDs, isolation of Pseudomonas spp. for 19.5 DDDs, isolation of Acinetobacter spp. for 6.3 DDDs and injury for 7.3 DDDs per patient. Each new day of hospitalization and each additional drug prescribed increased utilization for further 0.3 DDDs and 1.2 DDDs, respectively. Appropriate and limited use of antibiotics in ICU is of key importance for preserving their effectiveness and decrease of bacterial resistance.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac|
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