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Title: Evaluation of Toxic Effects of Novel Platinum (IV) Complexes in Female Rat Liver: Potential Protective Role of Resveratrol
Authors: Paunović, Milica
Matić, Miloš
Stankovic, Vesna
Milosevic M.
Jevtić, Verica
Trifunović, Srećko
Ognjanovic, Branka
Journal: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2020
Abstract: © 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. The use of cisplatin in chemotherapy may provoke a deteriorating impact in many vital organs, suggesting the need for more selective derivatives and effective protective cotreatments. This study assesses the effects of three novel Pt(IV) complexes containing ethyl-, propyl- and butyl-esters of the ethylenediamine-N, N’-di-S, S- (2,2’-dibenzyl) acetic acid on liver injury markers, redox parameters, and cell morphology of female rat liver tissue in comparison to cisplatin. In addition, the study evaluates the possible protective effects of resveratrol as well. The rats were divided into ten groups and were administered intraperitoneally with a single dose of cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg) or Pt(IV) complexes (10 mg/kg) and/or resveratrol (25 mg/kg). All treatments caused changes in body weight, food intake, and liver/bw ratio. Acute treatment with novel complexes decreased the levels of TB and TP while elevated the activity of ALT, AST, GGT, ALP which subsequently indicated on the liver damage. All three complexes significantly reduced the levels of LPO, O2.−, NO2− and activity of CAT, while increasing the activity of SOD, GSH-Px, GR, GST, and level of GSH, implying that these compounds could provoke redox balance disruption in liver cells. Moreover, according to the histopathological observations, the novel Pt(IV) complexes exerted stronger hepatotoxicity than cisplatin. Possible protective effects of resveratrol were not detected and even combined with examined compounds it abolished the activity of the antioxidative system of the liver cells causing more intense toxicity. Further investigation is required to elucidate the effects of Pt-based drugs and resveratrol in the estradiol-rich environment of female rats as well their influence on male rats’ tissues.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1007/s12013-020-00953-y
ISSN: 10859195
SCOPUS: 85093502179
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
Faculty of Science, Kragujevac
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