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Title: Potential drug-drug interactions in acute ischemic stroke patients at the Neurological Intensive Care Unit
Authors: Aleksic, Dejan
Jankovic R.
Mlosavljevic M.
Toncev, Gordana
Miletic Drakulic, Svetlana
Stefanovic, Srdjan
Journal: Open Medicine (Poland)
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2020
Abstract: © 2019 Dejan Z. Aleksic et al. Background: Clinically relevant potential drug-drug interactions are considered preventable adverse drug reactions. Objective: The aim of this study was to ascertain the frequency of potential drug-drug interactions in acute ischemic stroke patients and to explore factors associated with occurrence of potentially contraindicated drug-drug interactions. Methods: This observational retrospective cohort and nested case-control study was carried out among patients treated for acute ischemic stroke at the Neurological Intensive Care Unit in the Clinical Centre Kragujevac, Serbia. The potentially drug-drug interactions for each day of hospitalization were identified using Micromedex® software. Based on the existence or absence of potentially contraindicated drug-drug interactions, the participants were divided into a group of cases (n=111) and the control group (n=444). Results: A total of 696 patients were analysed. All patients had a minimum of one potential drug-drug interaction during hospitalization. The most common drugs involved in potential drug-drug interactions were aspirin (8.02%), diclofenac (7.49%) and warfarin (7.14%). The number of medications prescribed for simultaneous use during hospitalisation and the use of antipsychotics in therapy significantly increased the likelihood of potentially contraindicated drug-drug interactions after adjustment by means of logistic regression for 1.2 and 3 times, respectively. Conclusions: This study suggests that patients with acute ischemic stroke are frequently exposed to potential drug-drug interactions. It is essential to identify potentially drug-drug interactions in these patients as early as possible in order to prevent adverse drug reactions and ensure safe recovery. Besides, full attention should be paid when adding each new medication in therapy, particularly when a neurologist decides to prescribe antipsychotics, such as risperidone.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1515/med-2019-0093
SCOPUS: 85090881541
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
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