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|Title:||Internal consistency and validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in women with abnormal Pap smear in Serbia|
|Authors:||Ilic, Irena |
Sipetic Grujicic S.
|Journal:||Women and Health|
|Abstract:||© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Receiving a report of an abnormal finding of Pap screening test in women often leads to anxiety and depression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the construct validity and internal consistency reliability of the Serbian version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in women with abnormal Pap smear results. In 2017, a cross-sectional study was done involving 142 consecutive women attending cervical cancer screening who had received abnormal Pap smear results at one University clinical center in Serbia. We used exploratory factor analysis to establish the structure of the HADS and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was used for assessing the internal consistency. In our study, the HADS demonstrated high internal consistency, for both subscales (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for subscale Anxiety was 0.862, and for subscale Depression was 0.851). The intra-class correlation coefficients for the two components were significant (0.860 and 0.843, p < .001). Principal component analysis with Oblimin rotation indicated a two-factor structure that explained 56.4% of variance. In conclusion, the Serbian version of the HADS showed satisfactory internal consistency reliability and construct validity and could be useful as a screening questionnaire for the assessment of anxiety and depression among women with abnormal Pap smear results.|
|Appears in Collections:||Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac|
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