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Title: Income tax management in banks in the Republic of Serbia
Authors: Todorović, Violeta
Bogićević, Jasmina
Vrzina, Stefan
Journal: Ekonomski horizonti
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Income tax management includes a set of activities aimed at the legal minimization of income tax liabilities. Due to the tax law flexibility and cross-country differences in income taxation, banks may be in a position to significantly reduce their tax burden. An objective of the paper is to calculate the effective income tax burden of banks in the Republic of Serbia and examine the impact of income tax on banks’ operations. A research study conducted on a sample of banks between 2010 and 2016 shows that the effective income tax rate in banks is well below the statutory rate, mostly due to the use of government tax incentives. Furthermore, 25% of the observations have an effective tax rate of 0% despite the reported pre-tax income. The latest increase in the statutory tax rate in the Republic of Serbia has not had an impact on bank leverage, either in the short or long term. This may be an indicator that tax shield effects are not considered when the statutory tax rate is relatively low. The paper also finds that the effective tax rate is not correlated with bank profitability.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.5937/ekonhor1903199T
ISSN: 1450-863X
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Economics, Kragujevac
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