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Title: A new bis-pyrazolylpyridine ruthenium(iii) complex as a potential anticancer drug:in vitroandin vivoactivity in murine colon cancer
Authors: Lazic, Dejan
Scheurer A.
Ćoćić, Dušan
Milovanovic, Jelena
Arsenijevic A.
Stojanovic B.
Arsenijevic, Nebojsa
Milovanovic, Marija
Rilak Simović A.
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: We synthesized and characterized the ruthenium(iii) pincer-type complex [RuCl3(H2Lt-Bu] (H2Lt-Bu= 2,6-bis(5-tert-butyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine,1) by elemental analysis, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy, and the mass spectrometry (MS) method ESI Q-TOF. For comparison reasons, we also studied ruthenium(iii) terpyridine complexes of the general formula [Ru(N-N-N)Cl3], whereN-N-N= 4′-chloro-terpyridine (Cl-tpy;2) or 4′-chlorophenyl-terpyridine (Cl-Ph-tpy;3). A kinetic study of the substitution reactions of1-3with biomolecules showed that the rate constants depend on the properties of the spectator ligand and the nature of the entering nucleophile. The DNA/HSA binding study showed that in comparison to complex1(bis-pyrazolylpyridine), the other two (2and3) terpyridine complexes had a slightly better binding affinity to calf thymus DNA (CT DNA), while in the case of human serum albumin (HSA), complex1exhibited the strongest quenching ability. We demonstrated that1possesses significantin vitrocytotoxic activity against mouse colon carcinoma CT26 cells andin vivoantitumor activity in murine heterotopic colon carcinoma. Complex1induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptotic death in CT26 cells. Additionally,1showed antiproliferative activity, as evaluated by the detection of the expression levels of the Ki67 protein. Furthermore, thein vivoresults showed that1reduced primary tumour growth and the number and growth of lung and liver metastases, significantly prolonging the treated mice's survival rate. This study highlighted that1does not show hepato- and nephrotoxicity. Our data demonstrated the considerable antitumor activity of the ruthenium(iii) pincer complex against CT26 tumour cells and implicated further investigations of its role as a potential chemotherapeutic agent for colon carcinoma.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1039/d1dt00185j
ISSN: 1477-9226
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85107727455
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
Faculty of Science, Kragujevac

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