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Title: The reasons for unusable lipemic blood plasma in transfusion treatment
Authors: Radonjić D.
Raicevic, Sasa
Kljakic, Dusko
Varjacic, Mirjana
Journal: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2021
Abstract: Introduction/Objective The increased presence of lipid particles in blood is one of most common reasons that transfusion units are unusable. The risk factors for lipemic plasma in donated blood are not completely known. The aim of this study is to identify the factors that influence plasma to be fatty so that we can prevent further storage costs and eliminate unusable transfusion units. Methods This case–control study was conducted in 2017, and 1552 respondents were included in the study. The control group included 1502 subjects whose blood was not lipemic, while 50 patients with lipemic blood were selected for the case group. The presence of lipemic blood was assessed by inspec-tion, while data were collected by clinical laboratory tests and a questionnaire. Results Our findings show that multiple blood donors with lipemic blood were significantly older (p < 0.0005) and have higher systolic and diastolic pressure (p < 0.0005), high triglyceride levels (p < 0.0005), and lower levels of hemoglobin (p < 0.0005). Additionally, the presence of lipemic plasma was associated with female sex (p = 0.002), blood type (p = 0.016), heart disease (p < 0.0005), smoking (p < 0.005), diabetes (p = 0.001), lipid intake prior to blood donation (p < 0.005) and venipuncture therapy (p < 0.0005). Systolic pressure is a reliable predictor of lipemic blood (AUROC = 0.901, p < 0.0005). Conclusion Our study provided a rational explanation and identified some of the risk factors that may help identify potential donors with lipemic blood.
Type: article
DOI: 10.2298/SARH200919040R
ISSN: 03708179
SCOPUS: 85114300131
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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