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Title: Cytotoxic activity and influence on acetylcholinesterase of series dinuclear platinum(II) complexes with aromatic nitrogen-containing heterocyclic bridging ligands: Insights in the mechanisms of action
Authors: Bondžić, Aleksandra
Žakula, Jelena
Koricanac, Lela
Keta O.
Janjić, Goran
Djordjevic, Ivana
Rajković, Snežana
Issue Date: 2022
Abstract: Herein, the stability, lipophilicity, in vitro cytotoxicity, and influence on acetylcholinesterase of five dinuclear platinum(II) complexes with the general formula [{Pt(en)Cl}2(μ-L)]2+ (L is a different aromatic nitrogen-containing heterocyclic bridging ligands pyrazine (pz, Pt1), pyridazine (pydz, Pt2), quinoxaline (qx, Pt3), phthalazine (phtz, Pt4) and quinazoline (qz, Pt5), while en is bidentate coordinated ethylenediamine) were evaluated. The most active analyzed platinum complexes induced time-dependent growth inhibition of A375, HeLa, PANC-1, and MRC-5 cells. The best efficiency was achieved on HeLa and PANC-1 cells for Pt1, Pt2, and Pt3 at the highest concentration, while Pt1 was significantly more potent than cisplatin at a lower concentration. Additionally, a lower effect on normal cells was observed compared to cisplatin, which may indicate potentially fewer side effects of these complexes. Selected complexes induce reactive oxygen species and apoptosis on tumor cell lines. The most potent reversible acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors were Pt2, Pt4, and Pt5. Pt1 showed similar inhibitory potential toward AChE as cisplatin, but a different type of inhibition, which could contribute to lower neurotoxicity. Docking studies revealed that Pt2 and Pt4 were bound to the active gorge above the catalytic triad. In contrast, the other complexes were bound to the edge of the active gorge without impeding the approach to the catalytic triad. According to this, Pt1 represents a promising compound with potent anticancer properties, high selectivity, and low neurotoxicity.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1016/j.cbi.2021.109708
ISSN: 0009-2797
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85118274093
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Science, Kragujevac

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