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Title: Transgenic Overexpression of Galectin-3 in Pancreatic β Cells Attenuates Hyperglycemia in Mice: Synergistic Antidiabetic Effect With Exogenous IL-33
Authors: Jovicic, Nemanja
Petrović, Ivica
Pejnović, Nada
Ljujic, Biljana
Miletic Kovacevic, Marina
Pavlovic D.
Jeftic, Ilija
djukic, aleksandar
Srejovic I.
Jakovljevic V.
Lukic, Miodrag
Issue Date: 2021
Abstract: Galectin-3 (Gal-3) has diverse roles in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. There is evidence that Gal-3 plays a role in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. While the role of Gal-3 expression in immune cells invading the pancreatic islets in the experimental model of type 1 diabetes mellitus has been already studied, the importance of the overexpression of Gal-3 in the target β cells is not defined. Therefore, we used multiple low doses of streptozotocin (MLD–STZ)–induced diabetes in C57Bl/6 mice to analyze the effect of transgenic (TG) overexpression of Gal-3 in β cells. Our results demonstrated that the overexpression of Gal-3 protected β cells from apoptosis and attenuated MLD–STZ–induced hyperglycemia, glycosuria, and ketonuria. The cellular analysis of pancreata and draining lymph nodes showed that Gal-3 overexpression significantly decreased the number of pro-inflammatory cells without affecting the presence of T-regulatory cells. As the application of exogenous interleukin 33 (IL-33) given from the beginning of MLD–STZ diabetes induction attenuates the development of disease, by increasing the presence of regulatory FoxP3+ ST2+ cells, we evaluated the potential synergistic effect of the exogenous IL-33 and TG overexpression of Gal-3 in β cells at the later stage of diabetogenesis. The addition of IL-33 potentiated the survival of β cells and attenuated diabetes even when administered later, after the onset of hyperglycemia (12–18 days), suggesting that protection from apoptosis and immunoregulation by IL-33 may attenuate type 1 diabetes.
Type: article
DOI: 10.3389/fphar.2021.714683
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85119409943
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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