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Title: Concurrent weekly cisplatin and simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy of locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
Authors: Dubinsky P.
Jeremic B.
Svajdova M.
Barilíková G.
Matula P.
Nadzonová D.
Vojtek V.
Journal: Klinicka Onkologie
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2022
Abstract: Background: Radiotherapy of locally advanced head and neck cancer represents a major clinical challenge. Any treatment intensification aiming at improved treatment outcomes potentially results in a higher toxicity. The search for optimal treatment schedule involving conventional or altered fractionation of radiotherapy and the frequency and dose of concomitant cisplatin or other systemic agents has been spanning over several decades. Purpose: To evaluate long-term outcomes and toxicity of accelerated chemoradiotherapy of locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (LA SCCHN). Patients and methods: Forty patients with stage III and IVA (TNM, 7th Ed.) LA SCCHN were treated with accelerated radiotherapy with a total dose of 67.5 Gy in 6 weeks delivered with simultaneous integrated boost intensity-modulated radiotherapy (SIB IMRT) and concomitant weekly cisplatin 40 mg/m2. Five-year outcomes and early and late toxicity were evaluated. Results: With the median follow-up of 47.8 months, a 5-year locoregional control rate (LCR) was 56.5%, distant control rate (DCR) was 87% and 5-year pro-gression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 37 and 45%, respectively. Cisplatin cumulative dose of ≥ 200 mg/m2 was administered in 83% of patients. Grade ≥ 2 late toxicity with dietary change was observed in 21 (53%) patients. Human papillomavirus (HPV) status determined by p16 immunohistochemistry was the only significant factor in 5-year treatment outcomes analysis with LCR 100 vs. 41% (P < 0.01), DCR 100 vs. 78% (P = 0.154), PFS 80 vs. 23% (P = 0.01) and OS 80 vs. 34% (P = 0.03) for HPV positive oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) and other HPV negative LA SCCHN. Conclusion: High proportion of patients with LA SCCHN received an adequate cumulative dose of concurrent cisplatin with accelerated radiotherapy with SIB IMRT. This study demonstrated that chemoradiotherapy with weekly cisplatin resulted in favorable local control rate and survival in patients with HPV+ OPC.
Type: article
DOI: 10.48095/ccko2022307
ISSN: 0862495X
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85136198228
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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