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Title: Sacubitril/valsartan in Heart Failure and Beyond—From Molecular Mechanisms to Clinical Relevance
Authors: Nikolic M.
Srejovic I.
Jovic J.
Sretenovic J.
Jeremic, Jovana
Cekerevac, Ivan
Simovic, Stefan
Djokovic, Danijela
Muric, Nemanja
Stojic, Vladislava
Bolevich, Stephani Sergeevna
Bolevich, Sergey
Jakovljevic V.
Issue Date: 2022
Abstract: As the ultimate pathophysiological event, heart failure (HF) may arise from various cardiovascular (CV) conditions, including sustained pressure/volume overload of the left ventricle, myocardial infarction or ischemia, and cardiomyopathies. Sacubitril/valsartan (S/V; formerly termed as LCZ696), a first-in-class angiotensin receptor/neprilysin inhibitor, brought a significant shift in the management of HF with reduced ejection fraction by modulating both renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (angiotensin II type I receptor blockage by valsartan) and natriuretic peptide system (neprilysin inhibition by sacubitril) pathways. Besides, the efficacy of S/V has been also investigated in the setting of other CV pathologies which are during their pathophysiological course and progression deeply interrelated with HF. However, its mechanism of action is not entirely clarified, suggesting other off-target benefits contributing to its cardioprotection. In this review article our goal was to highlight up-to-date clinical and experimental evidence on S/V cardioprotective effects, as well as most discussed molecular mechanisms achieved by this dual-acting compound. Although S/V was extensively investigated in HF patients, additional large studies are needed to elucidate its effects in the setting of other CV conditions. Furthermore, with its antiinflamatory potential, this agent should be investigated in animal models of inflammatory heart diseases, such as myocarditis, while it may possibly improve cardiac dysfunction as well as inflammatory response in this pathophysiological setting. Also, discovering other signalling pathways affected by S/V should be of particular interest for basic researches, while it can provide additional understanding of its cardioprotective mechanisms.
Type: review
DOI: 10.31083/J.RCM2307238
ISSN: 1530-6550
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85133964465
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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