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Title: Synthesis, characterization, DNA interactions and biological activity of new palladium(II) complexes with some derivatives of 2-aminothiazoles
Authors: Jovicic Milic, Sandra
Jevtić, Verica
Radisavljević, Snežana
Petrović, Biljana
Radojevic, Ivana
Rakovic, Ivana
Petrovic, Danijela
Stojković, Danijela
Jurisevic M.
Gajovic N.
Petrovic A.
Arsenijevic, Nebojsa
Jovanovic I.
Klisuric, Olivera
Vukovic, Nenad
Vukić, Milena
Kačániová, Miroslava
Issue Date: 2022
Abstract: Newly palladium(II) complexes (C1, C2) with derivatives of 2-aminothiazoles (L1 = 2-amino-6-methylbenzothiazole, L2 = 2-amino-6-chlorobenzothiazole), general formula [PdL2Cl2] were synthesized and characterized by elemental microanalyses, IR, NMR spectroscopy and X-ray spectroscopy in case of [Pd(L2)2Cl2]. The kinetic of the substitution reactions of complexes and the nucleophiles, such as guanosine-5′-monophosphate (5’-GMP), tripeptide glutathione (GSH) and amino acid L-methionine (L-Met), were studied by stopped-flow technique. The complex C2 was always more reactive, while the order of the reactivity of the nucleophiles, due to the associative mode of the reaction, was L-Met > GSH > 5’-GMP. In order to determine the type of interactions between palladium(II) complexes and calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA), we used electronic absorption spectroscopy, viscosity measurements, and fluorescence spectroscopic studies, while interactions with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were determined only with fluorescence spectroscopic studies. The observed results confirmed that both complexes bound to DNA by groove binding. The significantly strong interaction with BSA, especially for complex C2, was also observed. In vitro cytotoxic activity was evaluated against four tumor cell lines, 4 T1, CT26, MDA-MB-468, HCT116 and mesenchymal stem cells (mMSC). C1 complex showed higher cytotoxic activity against CT26 cell line. Flow cytometry analysis showed that C1 stimulated apoptosis of tumor cells via inhibition of expression of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 molecule and decelerated proliferation by decreasing Cyclin-D and increasing expression of P21. In vitro antimicrobial activity for ligands and corresponding palladium(II) complexes was investigated by microdilution method and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum microbicidal concentration (MMC) were determined. Tested compounds exhibited selective and moderate activity.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2022.111857
ISSN: 0162-0134
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85130321356
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
Faculty of Science, Kragujevac

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