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Title: Potential Protective Role of Galectin-3 in Patients with Gonarthrosis and Diabetes Mellitus: A Cross-Sectional Study
Authors: Stevanovic, Jelena
Jurisevic, Milena
Grbovic, Vesna
Jovanovic, Ivan
Gajovic, Nevena
Jurisic Skevin, Aleksandra
Issue Date: 2022
Abstract: Background: Gonarthrosis and diabetes mellitus are two diseases that are increasingly being linked. The aim of this study was to quantify serum levels of Gal-3, pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines (including their ratios and correlations), and participant’s condition (pain, stiffness, functional limitations) in gonarthrosis patients with and without diabetes mellitus. Methods: A between-subject, cross-sectional experimental design was adopted. Serum levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-12, IL-23, IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-10, Gal-3, and WOMAC score were measured. Results: Gonarthrosis patients with diabetes mellitus had significantly (p < 0.05) lower levels of TNF-α, IL-6, IL-12, IL-17, IFN-γ, and Gal-3 compared to gonarthrosis patients without diabetes mellitus. On the other hand, IL-10/TNF-α, IL-10/IL-6, IL-10/IL-12, Gal-3/TNF-α, Gal-3/IL-6, and Gal-3/IL-12 (p = 0.001) were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in gonarthrosis with diabetes mellitus. Moderate–large correlation (p < 0.05) was detected between the serum values of Gal-3 and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-12 (r = 0.575), IL-10 (r = 0.535), TNF-α (r = 0.306), and IL-23 (r = 0.323). WOMAC index was significantly lower (p < 0.05) in gonarthrosis patients without diabetes mellitus compared to gonarthrosis patients with diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: Correlation between Gal-3 and proinflammatory cytokines and its dominance over proinflammatory cytokines implicate the potential role of Gal-3 in preventing cartilage destruction.
Type: article
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph191811480
ISSN: 1661-7827
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85138384680
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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