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Title: Low-dimensional compounds containing bioactive ligands. Part XVII: Synthesis, structural, spectral and biological properties of hybrid organic-inorganic complexes based on [PdCl<inf>4</inf>]<sup>2−</sup> with derivatives of 8-hydroxyquinolinium
Authors: drweesh, Elsayed
Kuchárová, Veronika
Volarevic, Vladislav
Miloradovic, Dragana
Ilic A.
Radojevic, Ivana
Rakovic, Ivana
Smolková, Romana
Vilková, Mária
Sabolova D.
elnagar, MOHAMED
Potočňák I.
Issue Date: 2022
Abstract: In this study, four hybrid organic-inorganic compounds (8-H2Q)2[PdCl4] (1), (H2ClQ)2[PdCl4] (2), (H2NQ)2[PdCl4] (3) and (H2MeQ)2[PdCl4]·2H2O (4) (where 8-H2Q = 8-hydroxyquinolinium, H2ClQ = 5-chloro-8-hydroxyquinolinium, H2NQ = 5-nitro-8-hydroxyquinolinium and H2MeQ = 2-methyl-8-hydroxyquinolinium) were synthesized through organic cation modulation. Single-crystal X-ray structure analysis of compounds 1 and 3 indicates that their structures are planar and consist of [PdCl4]2− anions and 8-H2Q or H2NQ cations, respectively. Both ionic components are held together through ionic interactions and hydrogen bonds forming infinite chains linked through π-π interactions to form 2D structures. Furthermore, NMR spectroscopy, UV–Vis spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and FT-IR spectroscopy were used to explore the synthesized compounds. The DNA interaction, antimicrobial activity, antiproliferative activity, and radical scavenging effect of the compounds were evaluated. The hybrid compounds and their free ligands can interact with the calf thymus DNA via an intercalation mode involving the insertion of the aromatic chromophore between the base pairs of DNA; compound 1 has the highest binding affinity. Moreover, they have high antimicrobial efficacy against the tested 14 strains of microorganisms with minimum inhibitory concentration values ranging from <1.95 to 250 μg/mL. The antiproliferative activity of the compounds was investigated against three different cancer cell lines, and their selectivity was verified on mesenchymal stem cells. Compounds 1 and 2 displayed selective and high cytotoxicity against human lung and breast cancer cells and showed moderate cytotoxicity against colon cancer cells. Accordingly, they might be auspicious candidates for future pharmacological investigations in lung and breast cancer research.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2021.111697
ISSN: 0162-0134
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85123901308
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
Faculty of Science, Kragujevac

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