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Title: Assessment of hemostatic disturbances in women with established rheumatoid arthritis
Authors: Vranic, Aleksandra
Pruner I.
Veselinović M.
Soutari N.
Petkovic, Anica
Jakovljevic V.
Antovic A.
Journal: Clinical Rheumatology
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2019
Abstract: © 2019, The Author(s). Objectives: This study was aimed to assess hemostatic disturbances in female patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to menopausal status and disease activity. Method: Ninety women were included in the study, 42 patients and 48 age-matched healthy controls. There were no differences between the investigated groups regarding the presence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Two global hemostatic assays were employed, namely endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) and overall hemostasis potential (OHP). The parameters of the ETP assay (ETP, C-max, t-lag, t-max) and OHP assay (overall coagulation potential (OCP) and overall fibrinolytic potential (OFP)) were assessed. Moreover, the parameters of the fibrin clot (lag time, Max Abs, and slope) were measured by clot turbidity and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Both patients and controls were divided into four subgroups according to menopause status. Results: The premenopausal controls differed significantly from all other subgroups in terms of diminished levels of ETP (p = 0.02), C-max (p = 0.01), OCP (p = 0.02), OHP (p = 0.001), and Max Abs (p = 0.008), while OFP (p = 0.0001) was increased. This tendency was not seen in the premenopausal RA patients compared with the postmenopausal RA patients. SEM images showed denser clots composed of thinner fibers in samples from RA patients. The disease activity measured by DAS28 correlated with OCP and OHP (r = 0.54; p = 0.001 and r = 0.44; p = 0.003, respectively) indicating persistent hypercoagulable condition in the whole group of RA patients. Conclusions: Our results point towards coagulation activation in premenopausal women with established RA. The patients were well characterized, which enabled assessment in a real-life setting.Key Points• Extensive assessment points towards persistent coagulation activation in premenopausal women with established rheumatoid arthritis.• Impaired thrombin generation and fibrin formation are associated with menopause in healthy women, while rheumatoid arthritis closes the gap within patients regarding menopause.• Fibrin morphology is unfavorably altered and fibrinolysis is decreased in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis.• Increased activity of thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) may contribute to impaired fibrinolysis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1007/s10067-019-04629-8
ISSN: 07703198
SCOPUS: 85067691140
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
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