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Title: Glycoregulation during pregnancy
Authors: Mladenovic, Vladimir
Dimitrijevic Stojanovic, Milica
Macut D.
djukic, aleksandar
Journal: Serbian Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2019
Abstract: © 2019, University of Kragujevac, Faculty of Science. All rights reserved. Pregnancy is a period marked by profound changes in a woman’s hormonal status and metabolism, including the development of a carbohydrate-intolerant state. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to estimate and analyse the parameters of glycaemic control during pregnancy. We stratified patients into the following three groups according to OGTT results: normal glucose tolerance (NTG), gestational impaired glucose tolerance (GIGT) and GDM. We investigated 92 pregnant women, diagnosed with vital and desired pregnancy up to 12 weeks of gestation, who had signed informed consent forms. Among them, 7 pregnant women had a spontaneous abortion, while 8 pregnant women dropped out, so a total of 77 pregnant women completed the trial. Most of the women examined had no risk factors (48%), while 35% of the women had one risk factor. The current study demonstrates that normal glucose tolerance was shown in 59 (76.6%) participants, while some form of glucose intolerance (GIGT or GDM) was shown in 18 (23.4%) patients. Our findings revealed an increase in glucose intolerance with advancing pregnancy (in the second and third trimester). In conclusion, we demonstrate that the difference in the quality of glycaemic control during pregnancy is manifested in the second and third trimester, until it manifests in the first trimester. These findings underpin the clinical significance of discovering GDM.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1515/sjecr-2017-0009
ISSN: 18208665
SCOPUS: 85074157479
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
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