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Title: The Effects of Potassium Cyanide on the Functional Recovery of Isolated Rat Hearts after Ischemia and Reperfusion: The Role of Oxidative Stress
Authors: Petkovic, Anica
Jakovljevic V.
Bradic, Jovana
Jeremic, Jovana
Jeremić N.
Nikolic Turnic T.
Jovicic, Nemanja
Rosic, Vesna
Srejovic I.
Zivkovic V.
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: © 2018 Anica M. Petkovic et al. This investigation is aimed at examining the effects of pharmacological PostC with potassium cyanide (KCN) on functional recovery, gene expression, cytochrome c expression, and redox status of isolated rat hearts. Rats were divided into the control and KCN groups. The hearts of male Wistar albino rats were retrogradely perfused according to the Langendorff technique at a constant perfusion pressure of 70 cmH 2 O. After stabilisation, control hearts were subjected to global ischemia (5 minutes), followed by reperfusion (5 minutes), while experimental hearts underwent global ischemia (5 minutes) followed by 5 minutes of reperfusion with 10 μmol/L KCN. The following parameters of heart function were measured: maximum and minimum rates of pressure development, systolic and diastolic left ventricular pressure, heart rate, and coronary flow. Levels of superoxide anion radical, hydrogen peroxide, nitrites, and index of lipid peroxidation (measured as thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances) were measured in coronary venous effluent, and activity of catalase was determined in heart tissue. Expression of Bax, Bcl-2, SOD-1, SOD-2, and cytochrome c was studied as well. It was shown that expression of Bax, Bcl-2, and SOD-2 genes did not significantly differ between groups, while expression of SOD-1 gene and cytochrome c was lower in the KCN group. Our results demonstrated that KCN improved the recovery of myocardial contractility and systolic and diastolic function, enhanced catalase activity, and diminished generation of prooxidants. However, all possible mechanisms and potential adverse effects of KCN should be further examined in the future.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1155/2018/5979721
ISSN: 1942-0900
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85059113786
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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