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Title: Interleukin-6 in schizophrenia-Is there a therapeutic relevance?
Authors: Borovcanin, Milica
Jovanovic I.
Radosavljevic, Gordana
Pantic, Jelena
Janićijević M.
Arsenijevic, Nebojsa
Lukic, Miodrag
Journal: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Issue Date: 6-Nov-2017
Abstract: © 2017 Borovcanin, Jovanovic, Radosavljevic, Pantic, Minic Janicijevic, Arsenijevic and Lukic. Renewing interest in immune aspects of schizophrenia and new findings about the brain-fat axis encourage us to discuss the possible role of interleukin-6 (IL-6) in schizophrenia. Previously, it was suggested that a primary alteration of the innate immune system may be relevant in schizophrenia. Functional dichotomy of IL-6 suggests that this chemical messenger may be responsible for regulating the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory responses, with tissue-specific properties at the periphery and in the central nervous system. Specific phase of this chronic and deteriorating disorder must be considered, which can involve IL-6 in acute or possible chronic inflammation and/or autoimmunity. We give an overview of IL-6 role in the onset and progression of this disorder, also considering cognitive impairment and metabolic changes in patients with schizophrenia. Data suggest that decreased serum level of IL-6 following antipsychotic therapy could be predisposing factor for the development of obesity and obesity-related metabolic disorders in schizophrenia. As we reviewed, the IL-6 plays significant role in disease genesis and progression, so the use of specific inhibitors may not only be beneficial for exacerbation and alleviation of positive symptoms, but may attenuate cognitive impairment in patients with schizophrenia.
Type: Review
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00221
SCOPUS: 85033584894
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
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