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Title: The influence of CYP2C8∗3 on carbamazepine serum concentration in epileptic pediatric patients
Authors: Milovanovic, Dragan
Milovanovic, Jasmina
Radovanović M.
Radosavljevic, Ivan
Obradovic, Slobodan
Jankovic, Slobodan
Milovanovic, Dragan
Djordjevic, Natasa
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: © 2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston. The aim of the present study was to investigate the distribution of CYP2C8 variants ∗3 and ∗5, as well as their effect on carbamazepine pharmacokinetic properties, in 40 epileptic pediatric patients on carbamazepine treatment. Genotyping was conducted using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP), and allele-specific (AS)-PCR methods, and steady-state carbamazepine plasma concentrations were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The CYP2C8 ∗3 and ∗5 polymorphisms were found at frequencies of 17.5 and 0.0%, respectively. After dose adjustment, there was a difference in daily dose in CYP2C8∗3 carriers compared to non carriers [mean ± standard deviation (SD): 14.19 ± 5.39 vs. 15.46 ± 4.35 mg/kg; p = 0.5]. Dose-normalized serum concentration of carbamazepine was higher in CYP2C8∗3 (mean ± SD: 0.54 ± 0.18 vs. 0.43 ± 0.11 mg/mL, p = 0.04), and the observed correlation between weight-adjusted carbamazepine dose and carbamazepine concentration after dose adjustment was significant only in CYP2C8∗3 non carriers (r = 0.52, p = 0.002). However, the population pharmacokinetic analysis failed to demonstrate any significant effect of CYP2C8 ∗3 polymorphism on carbamazepine clearance [CL L/h = 0.215 + 0.0696∗SEX+ 0.000183∗DD]. The results indicated that the CYP2C8∗3 polymorphism might not be of clinical importance for epilepsy treatment in pediatric populations.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1515/bjmg-2016-0003
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84983440139
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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