Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: The impact of cardiovascular drugs on the efficacy of local anesthesia in dentistry
Authors: Milosavljevic, Marko
Jankovic, Slobodan
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: © 2016, PALACKY UNIV. All rights reserved. Background and Aim. Drugs used chronically by patients with diseases of the cardiovascular system (group C of the ATC classification) may act on adrenergic receptors and/or certain ion channels, which gives them the potential to interact with the action of local dental anesthetics. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of systemically administered chronic cardiovascular medication (oral route) on the efficacy of intraoral local anesthesia in patients with diseases of the cardiovascular system. Patients and Methods. This was a prospective cohort study which analyzed the efficacy of local terminal anesthesia (onset of anesthesia, duration anesthetized area) in the upper jaw of 70 patients: 40 patients on medication for cardiovascular system disorders and 30 patients who were not using these drugs (the control group). The following cardiovascular drugs were used: beta blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, vasodilatators, diuretics, angiotensin receptor blockers, antiarrhythmics, statins and alfa blockers. Results. The onset of anesthesia on the vestibular side was faster in those taking cardiovascular drugs (40.50±19.87 s) than the control patients (58.93±31.07 s; P = 0.004) and duration of anesthesia on this side was shorter. Although the difference was not significant, it was evident that on vestibular and palatal side the anesthetized area was more rapidly reduced in the patients taking cardiovascular drugs. The duration of cardiovascular therapy also had a significant impact on the anesthetized area. Conclusion. Drugs acting on cardiovascular system may influence the effect of local anesthetics used in dentistry, possibly through interaction with autonomic receptors and ion channels.
Type: article
DOI: 10.5507/bp.2016.040
ISSN: 1213-8118
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85006237303
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

Page views(s)




Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
10.5507-bp.2016.040.pdf459.56 kBAdobe PDFThumbnail

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons