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Title: Effect of ELF-EMF on antioxidant status and micronuclei in K562 cells and normal lymphocytes
Authors: Srdjenovic Conic, Branislava
Mrdjanovic J.
Galovic A.
Kladar, Nebojša
Bozin, Biljana
Jurisic, Vladimir
Bogdanovic G.
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: The effect of ELF-EMF on DNA through changes in antioxidative enzyme activities has not been sufficiently explored yet. The aim of this study was to determine ELF-EMF effect on antioxidative enzymes in cancer cell line and genotoxic potential on normal human lymphocytes. K562 cells were exposed to 50 Hz ELF-EMF (40 μT, 100 μT; 3 h, 24 h) and spectrophotometric determination of lipid peroxidation and antioxidative enzyme activities was conducted. Genotoxicity of ELF-EMF (50 Hz, 100 μT) was investigated by cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay in a normal human lymphocytes (exposure 24 h and 48 h). Results demonstrated that ELF-EMF did not alter the process of lipid peroxidation and superoxide dismutase activity. Catalase activity was increased only after application of 100 μT EMF for 24 h. Glutathione-S-transferase and -reductase activities were increased. Treatment with 100 μT ELF-EMF (24 h, 48 h) significantly reduced micronuclei incidence, while cell proliferation was significantly increased. Results indicate that 50 Hz ELF-EMF (40 μT, 100 μT) are week stressors which alone cannot generate enough ROS to induce process of lipid peroxidation in cancer cell line but strong enough to induce response of antioxidative system. Furthermore, 100 μT ELF-EMF in human lymphocytes did not exhibit genotoxic potential during 24 h and 48 h treatment, but stimulated cell proliferation. © 2014 Versita Warsaw and Springer-Verlag Wien.
Type: article
DOI: 10.2478/s11535-014-0335-9
ISSN: 1895-104X
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-84906214465
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac

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