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Title: An inverse correlation between TNF alpha serum levels and heart rate variability in patients with heart failure
Authors: Nikolic V.
Jevtovic Stoimenov, Tatjana
Stokanovic, Dragana
Milovanovic, Marija
Veličković-Radovanović R.
Pesic, Srdjan
Stoiljkovic, Milan
Pesic G.
Ilić N.
Deljanin-Ilic M.
Marinković D.
Stefanović, Nikola
Jankovic, Slobodan
Journal: Journal of Cardiology
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2013
Abstract: Background: Recent evidence indicates that chronic heart failure (CHF) is accompanied by both activation of the immune system and autonomic imbalance. There is a growing body of evidence that increased levels of proinflammatory cytokines and other inflammatory markers have important roles as mediators of disease progression and markers of mortality in patients with CHF. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate connection between autonomic imbalance [obtained by analysis of heart rate variability (HRV)] and activation of the immune system [as measured by serum levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α] in patients with chronic heart failure. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study included 21 patients with CHF and 8 age- and gender-matched healthy control subjects. We assessed HRV by 24-hour electrocardiographic Holter monitoring and measured serum levels of TNF-α using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Clinical assessment and echocardiography were also performed. Results: There was an inverse correlation between serum level of TNF-α and a time-domain parameter of HRV - SDNN (r= -0.542, p< 0.05). A similar result was found for HRV triangular index, a geometric measure of HRV (r= -0.556; p< 0.05). The correlation was stronger for subjects with a diabetes mellitus, females, and TNFA2 allele carriers (an A at position -308A). The pNN50, indirect marker of cardiac vagal activity, was not significantly associated with serum concentration of TNF-α. Conclusions: In conclusion, the results of the present study indicate that increased serum TNF-α level is significantly associated with reduced HRV indices, suggesting that activation of the immune system in patients with CHF is closely related to autonomic imbalance. © 2013 Japanese College of Cardiology.
Type: Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.jjcc.2013.02.013
ISSN: 09145087
SCOPUS: 84880035004
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
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