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Title: The anxiolytic effects of atorvastatin and simvastatin on dietary-induced increase in homocysteine levels in rats
Authors: Mijailovic, Natasa
Selakovic, Dragica
Joksimovic, Jovana
Mihailovic, Vladimir
Katanić Stanković, Jelena S.
Jakovljevic V.
Nikolic Turnic T.
Bolevich, Sergey
Zivkovic V.
Pantic M.
Rosic, Gvozden
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: © 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of atorvastatin and simvastatin on behavioral manifestations that followed hyperhomocysteinemia induced by special dietary protocols enriched in methionine and deficient in B vitamins (B6, B9, B12) by means of alterations in anxiety levels in rats. Simultaneously, we investigated the alterations of oxidative stress markers in rat hippocampus induced by applied dietary protocols. Furthermore, considering the well-known antioxidant properties of statins, we attempted to assess their impact on major markers of oxidative stress and their possible beneficial role on anxiety-like behavior effect in rats. The 4-week-old male Wistar albino rats were divided (eight per group) according to basic dietary protocols: standard chow, methionine-enriched, and methionine-enriched vitamins B (B6, B9, B12) deficient. Each dietary protocol (30 days) included groups with atorvastatin (3 mg/kg/day i.p.) and simvastatin (5 mg/kg/day i.p.). The behavioral testing was performed in the open field and elevated plus maze tests. Parameters of oxidative stress (index of lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase, catalase activity, glutathione) were determined in hippocampal tissue samples following decapitation after anesthesia. Methionine-load dietary protocols induced increased oxidative stress in rat hippocampus, which was accompanied by anxiogenic behavioral manifestations. The methionine-enriched diet with restricted vitamins B intake induced more pronounced anxiogenic effect, as well as increased oxidative stress compared to the methionine-load diet with normal vitamins B content. Simultaneous administration of statins showed beneficial effects by means of both decreased parameters of oxidative stress and attenuation of anxiety. The results obtained with simvastatin were more convincible compared to atorvastatin.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1007/s11010-018-3425-6
ISSN: 0300-8177
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85052136614
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kragujevac
Faculty of Science, Kragujevac
Institute for Information Technologies, Kragujevac

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