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Title: Dicoumarol derivatives: Green synthesis and molecular modelling studies of their anti-LOX activity
Authors: Simijonović, Dušica
Vlachou E.
Petrović, Zorica
Hadjipavlou-Litina D.
Litinas K.
Stankovic, Nevena
Mihović, Nezrina
Mladenović M.
Issue Date: 2018
Abstract: © 2018 Elsevier Inc. Dicoumarol derivatives were synthesized in the InCl 3 catalyzed pseudo three-component reactions of 4-hydroxycoumarin with aromatic aldehydes in excellent yields. The reactions were performed in water under microwave irradiation. All synthesized compounds were characterized using NMR, IR, and UV–Vis spectroscopy, as well as with TD-DFT. Obtained dicoumarols were subjected to evaluation of their in vitro lipid peroxidation and soybean lipoxygenase inhibition activities. It was shown that five of ten examined compounds (3e, 3h, 3b, 3d, 3f) possess significant potential of antilipid peroxidation (84–97%), and that compounds 3b, 3e, 3h provided the highest soybean lipoxygenase (LOX-Ib) inhibition (IC 50 = 52.5 µM) and 3i somewhat lower activity (IC 50 = 55.5 µM). The bioactive conformations of the best LOX-Ib inhibitors were obtained by means of molecular docking and molecular dynamics. It was shown that, within the bioactive conformations interior to LOX-Ib active site, the most active compounds form the pyramidal structure made of two 4-hydroxycoumarin cores and a central phenyl substituent. This form serves as a spatial barrier which prevents LOX-Ib Fe 2+ /Fe 3+ ion activity to generate the coordinative bond with the C13 hydroxyl group of the α-linoleate. It is worth pointing out that the most active compounds 3b, 3e, 3h and 3i can be candidates for further examination of their in vitro and in vivo anti-inflammatory activity and that molecular modeling study results provide possibility to screen bioactive conformations and elucidate the mechanism of dicoumarols anti-LOX activity.
Type: article
DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2018.07.021
ISSN: 0045-2068
SCOPUS: 2-s2.0-85050865402
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Science, Kragujevac
Institute for Information Technologies, Kragujevac

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